Musculoskeletal Radiology involves diagnostic imaging and image-guided procedures of the musculoskeletal system. Nuclear medicine, MRI, and CT are highly sensitive for detecting bone disease when x-rays are negative. MRI, CT, and ultrasound are ideal modalities for detecting internal derangement of muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
Arthrographic or intravenous contrast improves the resolution and sensitivity of pathology on XR-fluoroscopy, CT, or MRI. Image-guided biopsies and aspirations can be performed on bone with CT and soft tissue with ultrasound. Fluoroscopy and ultrasound can provide biomechanical and functional information during injection and patient movement.